Phineas Gage was truly a man with a hole in his head. A railroad construction foreman, Phineas was blasting rock near Cavendish, Vermont, in 1848 when a thirteen-pound iron rod was shot through his brain. Miraculously, he survived another eleven years and became a textbook case in brain science. But he was forever changed by the accident, and what happened inside his brain will tell you a lot about how your brain works and what makes us who we are.
Gage, foreman of a railroad construction gang, survived an iron rod being blasted through his brain in 1848, and the subsequent study of him contributed to the modern understanding of the central nervous system.